Carson River Route (Sink to Fredericksburg)

The Carson River Route (along with the Grizzly Flat Road) is described in a Trails West guidebook which may be available for purchase in the CTIC gift shop or you can purchase it directly from Trails West on their website. They have an online photo tour along the Carson River Route.

Marker CR-1


FORKS OF THE TRAIL

"The road forked ... one of the forks leads by ... [Truckee River] north, the southern by Carson's River, we took the latter, crossed a low elevation, and ... now entered fairly the desert." - Hugh Brown Heiskell, October 5, 1849

Marker CR-2


HUMBOLDT BAR

"There is a very steep hill to ascend and descend and then came the real desert. it was no doubt once a part of the lake. It is sand covered with a slight crust of salt, but a harder and prettier road I never saw." - Chauncey B. Hubbard, July 27, 1850


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE STARTING POINT MARKER NO. C.R.R.1 - DIKE OF OLD HUMBOLDT LAKE ON EDGE OF DESERT

Marker CR-3


ROUNDING MOPUNG HILLS

"Kept on for an hour or two after dark, and on passing a point of mountain on our left, we turned south. About 10 o'clock the mules gave out and we halted for the night." - Bernard Reid, September 9, 1849


An original marker placed by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC) is located a half mile southwest of Marker CR-3.


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 2 EMIGRANT DOUBLE WELLS.

Marker CR-4


SALT CREEK CROSSING

"At night we crossed a slough smelt very bad (it emited an effluvia like the stiring up of an old privy with a dash of the salt meadows mixed with it) ... Our road is through ash beds and sandy hillocks most of the way" - Cyrus Currier, July 11, 1849


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R.3. SALT CREEK TRAIL CROSSING

Marker CR-5


SALT FLAT

"Here we enter upon a country that seems to be completely saturated with salt, thousands of acres in places just as level as a floor. With a coat of salt over it looking very much like a level prairie covered with snow" - P. C. Tiffany, August 6, 1849


Palmer C. Tiffany's diary can be viewed as part of the Yale University Library's collection.

Marker CR-6


WAGON BONFIRE

"Towards midnight we found four good wagons, which were nearly new, and which had been abondoned. We split up the boxes of these, and built a large fire; around which we sat for one hour, and took some refreshment" - John T. Clapp, July 15, 1850


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R.4. SAND DUNES

Marker CR-7


NOTORIOUS ROUTE

"Wagons, wagon irons, ox chains, harness, rifles and indeed all the paraphernalia of an emigrant's 'outfit' lay scattered along this notorious route, reminding one of the defeat of some great army." - John Hawkins Clark, August 18, 1852


John's diary can be viewed on Hathitrust.


An original marker placed by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC) was located 0.15 miles northeast of Marker CR-7, but that marker has been removed.


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 5 CAMP AREA. TRAIL TURNS S.W.

Marker CR-8


UPSAL HOGBACK

"We soon perceived that the desert is not as we had supposed, a perfect level, but is covered with little hillocks of sand ... we also passed within sight of some considerable hills ... standing on the Desert." - Franklin Langworthy, October 2, 1850


Franklin's diary can be viewed and downloaded at Google books.


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 6 UPSAL HOGBACK

Marker CR-9


TO ROT AND RUST

"Daylight revealed to my eyes the awful sight of dead horses and cattle lying in heaps. ... and O my Country! The waggons and stoves and trunks and property of all kinds that was left to rot and rust on the desert." - Pusey Graves, September 2, 1850

Marker CR-10


DREADFUL SCENES

"As we advanced, the scenes became more dreadful. The heat of the day increased, and the road became heavy with deep sand. The dead animals seemed to become at every step of the way more numerous." - Margaret A. Frink, August. 16, 1850.


You can view a fascimile of the 1897 edition of Frink's diary on Hathitrust. Frink's diary is also published in the more recent Covered Wagon Women series of books, including the Best of Covered Wagon Women, Vol. 1 and Covered Wagon Women, Vol. 2. These books are often available in the CTIC store.


You may also be interested in the CTIC Plaza tour based on Margaret's diary.


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R.7 ORIGINAL TRAIL IN SAGE

Marker CR-11


SODA LAKE

"Here we understood there was a spring of good water, by the side of a small lake of salt water, on the top of a hill, ... on the left hand, ... so we took our horses ... and led them to the spring, which we easily found." - James S. Shepherd, August 2, 1850

Marker CR-12 / CON-33


RAGTOWN

"Rag Town ... is a collection of tents and canvass shanties, where a tolerable meal can be had at one dollar a head. Whiskey is sold, cards ar played, gambling pretty extensively carried on and hay sold" - Henry Sheldon Anable, September 1, 1852


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R.8 RAGTOWN ON THE CARSON RIVER. END OF 40 MILE DESERT


This post also has Marker CON-33 from the Central Overland Trail on it. Use the button below to go to the Central Overland Trail Route.

Marker CR-13


JUNCTION WAGON & PACK ROUTES

"We continued on following the river, the main road leaving the river for 12 miles, over a strip of desert without grass or water the road along the river being a pack route and impractical for wagons" - Calvin Taylor, September 17, 1850


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 9 THE EMIGRANTS STAYED ON THE WEST SIDE OF, AND CLOSE TO THE CARSON RIVER ALONG THIS SECTION.

Marker CR-14


BYPASSING RIVER NARROWS

"Left the river ... & turned to the right & went over some stony bluffs, the river in sight some of the way found a bad road it being over stony ridges & many hills" - Lucena Parsons, May 26, 1851


Lucena's diary is published in the Covered Wagon Women, volume 2, which may be available in the CTIC gift shop. No electronic access was located for this reference.

Marker CR-15


ROUGH BAD ROAD

"Passing ... on some hills covered with coble stones which look like they been scatered by an eruption of a volcano - This part of the road is verry hard on the feet of animals" - Alex M. Cowan, October 1, 1849


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 10 - SOUTHWEST OF THIS MARKER FOR ONE MILE IS A FINE SECTION OF ORIGINAL EMIGRANT TRAIL.

Marker CR-16


ALKALI BED

"Passed some curious dry sinks, level as water, solid as marble, went down stony & steep hill to river" - Hamden Aubrey Cagwin, August 1, 1850


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 11 - HAWES STATION ONE OF THE EARLIEST SETTLEMENTS ALONG THE EMIGRANT ROAD.

Marker CR-17


RIVER & DESERT ROUTES

"There are 2 roads here. One ... follows the river and the other makes a (cut off), in consequence of the river making a bend. We took the cut off which leads across a barren sand plain destitute of all vegetation" - Charles Gould, September 18, 1849

Marker CR-18


BEAUTIFUL CAMPING

"Came to the river; followed up the valley 2 miles and halted for noon in a grove of most beautiful cottonwoods; the grass most splendid. This is the most beautiful camping that we have had on the road" - Andrew Hall Gilmore, August 25, 1850

Marker CR-19 / CON-37 / S-1


OPENING OF SONORA TRAIL

"Some men come here last night that has run a road through to Sonora A nearer & better route (they claim) ... but deception in people here can not be fathomed ... it came right out where we are camp'd." - Thomas Turnbull, August 5, 1852


Turnbull's diary can be viewed on the Internet Archive.


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 12-A - THE EMIGRANT ALTERNATE RIVER ROUTE RUNS FROM THIS POINT TO THE BASE OF THE SIERRA.


Markers CON-37 and S-1, parts of the Central Overland and Sonora Trails, respectively, also appear on this post. You can navigate to those Trails using the buttons below.

Marker CR-20


SUSANS BLUFF CROSSING

"Crossed the river ... to avoid some very high bluffs which here come to the river. One is very high, leaving a foot path under it. The country is very mountainous - The hills bare and rocky ... the valley very narrow." - Byron N. McKinstry, September 4, 1850


You may also be interested in the Byron McKinstry plaza tour found elsewhere in this app.


An original marker placed by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC) is located 2.1 miles northeast of Marker CR-20.


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 13-A MANSEAU'S HALFWAY HOUSE - A ROAD INTERSECTION BETWEEN DESERT ROUTE AND RIVER ROUTE.

Marker CR-21


26 MILE DESERT ROUTE

"Left our camp at daylight, for the purpose of getting over another desert, of 26 miles. ... After a hard drive again came to the river at 6 o'clock, much worn down by the day's labor and want of water." - George Willis Read, August 7, 1850


An original marker placed by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC) is located 1.4 miles southeast of Marker CR-21.


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 12 STOCKTON WELL. LARGEST STATION ON EMIGRANT TRAIL WITH SEVEN ROAD CROSSINGS IN LATER YEARS.

Marker CR-22


26 MILE DESERT ROUTE

"We now have a desert of 26 miles to walk by tomorrow morning. Got over the desert by sunrise though we stoped and sleped 4 hours in the desert. The desert is very sandy, places rocky." - Joseph Rhodes, July 30, 1850


An original marker placed by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC) is located 4.3 miles southwest of Marker CR-22.


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 13 RUINS OF DESERT STATION, MENTIONED BY FAMOUS EARLY NEVADA HISTORIAN DAN DeQUILLE.

Marker CR-23


26 MILES DESERT ROUTE

"After Starting in the Desert, it is a gradual rise to near the center, from thence a gradual decent, till within about 5 miles of the river. When you assend to the top of a low hill, - from thence decend to the river." - Leander V. Loomis, August 3, 1850


Loomis' book can be viewed on Hathitrust.


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 14 - GATES WELL. A LATER IMPORTANT STAGE AND FREIGHT STATION ON THE EMIGRANT TRAIL.

Marker CR-24


DESERT ROUTE TO RIVER

"We ... make another ... drive across a dessert before we reach the river which makes a tremendos bend just here. The road has been heavy all day.... We made the distance ... without stoping, when we struck the river." - James A. Pritchard, July 31, 1849

Marker CR-25


DESERT TO DAYTON

"Drove about seven miles to Chinatown. A few shantees are put up and I believe they expect to have a great town soon [Dayton in 1861] on account of gold mines which have been discovered near there." - Harriet Booth Griswold, October 3, 1859


Griswold's diary is published in the Covered Wagon Women Series of books (Volume 7) and may be available for purchase in the CTIC gift shop.


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 15 - RUINS OF AN EARLY DAY ADOBE STATION ON DESERT ROUTE OF EMIGRANT TRAIL.

Marker CR-26


JUNCTION DESERT & RIVER ROUTES

"Came to the junction of another road that lleaves the river some ways back & comes in to the river here again for 26 miles a good many miles nearer but no water nor grass they say" - Thomas Turnbull, August 9, 1852


Turnbull's diary can be viewed on the Internet Archive.


Marker CR-27


ROCKY ASCENT

"We ascend a high hill and had a very rocky road most of the way. Some places nothing but sharp angular rock. The road is not hilly, though some hollows or ravines in two or three places." - Byron McKinstry, September 6, 1850


You may also be interested in the Byron McKinstry plaza tour found elsewhere in this app.


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 16 - END OF DESERT EMIGRANTS DISCOVERED GOLD IN THIS AREA, THUS SETTING THE DESTINY OF NEVADA.

Marker CR-28


STONY TRAVEL

"Left the river and crosed the ... desert, one of the stoniest roads we have been over. In some places, the horses could not find a place for his foot without stepping on a stone." - George Bonniwell, August 5, 1850


George's diary is available at emigrantroad.com.


An original marker placed by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC) is located 0.4 miles southwest of Marker CR-28.


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 17 NEW YORK HOUSE, A LATER VERY IMPORTANT ROAD JUNCTION TO MINES AND MILLS IN THIS AREA.

Marker CR-29 / JC-1


TO SKIN THE POOR EMIGRANT

"Returned to the ... Carson River. There are several trading posts established to skin the poor emigrant of what little he may chance to have left,.... We remained & watered our cattle & moved on up the river" - James G. Shields, August 6, 1850


This is also the post for Marker JC-1 on the Johnson Cutoff. Use the button below to navigate to that route.


An original marker placed by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC) is located 0.34 miles northeast of Marker CR-29.


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 18 HERE THE TRAIL MET THE RIVER AGAIN AND TURNED WEST TO EAGLE VALLEY OR SOUTH TO CARSON VALLEY.

Marker CR-30


TO CARSON VALLEY

"We now leave the river again for 7 miles. The road passes to the right of a ridge [Prison Hill] and follows up a valley in a southerly direction, with high mountains, [at] the foot of the Sierra Nevada Range to the right." - Jotham Newton, September 5, 1853


An original marker placed by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC) is located 2.4 miles southwest of Marker CR-30.


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 19 CLEAR CREEK STATION. A NOTED CROSSING POINT FOR EMIGRANTS, STAGES, FREIGHTERS, AND TELEGRAPH LINE.

Marker CR-31


ENTERING CARSON VALLEY

"We soon entered the lower end of Carson Valley. The steep mountains on our right, are thickly covered with Pines ... on the east side of the valley, the mountains present no green thing; All is naked and dreary." - Franklin Langworthy, October 9, 1850


Franklin's diary can be viewed and downloaded at Google books.


An original marker placed by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC) is located 2.3 miles west of Marker CR-31.


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 20 JACK'S VALLEY. ONE OF THE FIRST AREAS ALONG EMIGRANT TRAIL TO BE SETTLED BY EARLY PIONEERS.

Marker CR-32


ORIGINAL MORMON STATION

"At the ... foot of the mountains, the Mormons ... have established a trading post, ... passing on from this place, as fast as we could, ... to save what little money we had, we continued up Carson Valley" - Edward Patterson, July 11, 1850


An original marker placed by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC) is located 1 mile northeast of Marker CR-32. (Marker may have been relocated)


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 21 SITE OF OLD MORMON STATION ESTABLISHED BY H.S. BEATIE IN 1850

Marker CR-33


HOT SPRINGS

"We passed around a barren portion of the mountain, where there gushed from the base ... almost a thousand springs of hot water in half a mile, ... the springs form a hot water lake all along their course." - William R. Rothwell, August 18, 1850


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 22 - WALLEYS HOT SPRINGS. CONSIDERED A NATURAL CURIOSITY BY THE EMIGRANTS AND RECORDED IN THEIR JOURNALS.

Marker CR-34


NO TIME FOR REST

"We have been traveling along the foot of the Sierra Nevada, in a southerly direction. We ... encamped near a meadow, in order to cut grass to take with us. ... there is no time for rest, even on Sunday." - Margaret A. Frink, August 25, 1850


Margaret's diary can be viewed on Hathitrust.


You may also find the Margaret Frink Plaza Tour interesting.


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 23 - MOTTSVILLE FIRST STATION ON THE MOTT-REESE TOLL ROAD FROM GENOA TO HOPE VALLEY.

Marker CR-35


UPLAND TRAVEL

"The trail, on leaving camp, entered a strip of upland, covered with wild sage and brush and through which run several mountain streams of much beauty." - Silas Newcomb, August 28, 1850


An original marker placed by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC) is located 0.17 mile north of Marker CR-35.


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 24 TRAIL LEFT MEADOWS HERE AND RAN SOUTH ACROSS BENCH PASSING LATER FAIRVIEW STATION

Marker CR-36


ACROSS HIGH BROKEN GROUND

"The road for severel miles before reaching the mouth of the [West Carson] canon runs across high broken ground, considerably sandy." - James A. Pritchard, August 3, 1849


On the reverse side of this marker is the original marker placed here by the Nevada Emigrant Trail Marking Committee, Inc. (NETMC).


CARSON RIVER ROUTE MARKER NO. C.R.R. 24-A - FREDERICKSBURG WAS A STATION ON OLD EMIGRANT ROAD AND A CENTER FOR EARLIEST LUMBERING IN THIS AREA.